Locating the common parts of a forklift is vital to ensure that your operators are reliably using equipment as intended in a safe manner. The following list of forklift terminology will help to identify items that require the attention of a maintenance technician. The forklift has many components, and this article aims to provide a brief introduction to them. The components of the forklift include:
– Steering Wheel: To drive the forklift left or right
– Counter Weight : The weight installed by the manufacturer to give stability to the machine under load.
– Tilt Cylinder : Controls the amount by which the mast structure, forks and carriage may be tilted beyond the vertical position, forward or backward.
– Fork : The cantilevered arms attached to the load carriage, that engage the load.
– Carriage : A support structure where the forks are attached or mounted.
– Back Rest : Attached to the carriage and prevents the load from shifting backwards. It also protects the mast cylinders hoses, to prevent any goods falling through the mast and hitting the operator.
– Lift Cylinder : Controls the amount by which the mast structure, forks and carriage may be raised or lowered in the vertical.
– Mast : The mast is the vertical support that allows you to raise or lower the load.
– Overhead Guard : A framework/roof, providing overhead protection for the operator from falling objects.
– Rating Plate : This is used to inform users of the maximum load a forklift can legally carry.
– Operator’s Seat
– Steering / Rear wheels
– Drive wheels
– Lights and Horn
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